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Explore Pakistan
 
FAMOUS KARAKORAM HIGHWAY OF PAKISTAN
| The Best Tourist Attractions of Pakistan |
| Weather Forecasts of Pakistan |
| Karakoram Highway Photo Slide Show |
| Silk Route | Karakoram Highway | Abbottabad | Besham | Kohistan District | Dassu |
| Shatial Rock Carvings | Chilas Petroglyphs | Jaglot | A Unique Junction of Mighty Mountains |
| Gilgit Valley | The Continental Collision | Nagar Valley | Hunza Valley | Ganish Sacred Rocks | Attabad Lake | Gulmit | Passu | Sust |
| Khunjerab Pass |
| About FAQs |
| Welcome to Pakistan | Hotels In Pakistan | City Distances In Pakistan |
| Suggested Tours In Pakistan |
| See Advertising Banners |
Silk Route

Silk Route or Silk Road:
The Silk Road, or Silk Route, is a series of trade and cultural transmission routes that were central to cultural interaction through regions of the Asian continent connecting the West and East by linking traders, merchants, pilgrims, monks, soldiers, nomads and urban dwellers from China to the Mediterranean Sea during various periods of time.

Extending 4,000 miles (6,437 kilometres), the Silk Road gets its name from the lucrative Chinese silk trade which was carried out along its length, and began during the Han Dynasty (206 BC – 220 AD). The Central Asian sections of the trade routes were expanded around 114 BC by the Han dynasty, largely through the missions and explorations of Zhang Qian. They took great interest in the safety of their products being traded and extended the Great Wall to ensure the protection of the trade route.

Trade on the Silk Road was a significant factor in the development of the civilizations of China, the Indian subcontinent, Persia, Europe and Arabia. It opened long-distance, political and economic interactions between the civilizations. Though silk was certainly the major trade item from China, many other goods were traded, and various technologies, religions and philosophies, as well as the bubonic plague (the "Black Death"), also travelled along the Silk Routes. In addition to economic trade, the Silk Road served as a ways of cultural trade between the networking civilizations.

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Karakoram Highway

Karakoram Highway:
A new all-weather road, the Karakoram Highway connecting Rawalpindi / Islamabad with China's Xinjiang Province runs through the Northern Areas.

The 805 km. dual carriage metalled road starts from Havelian 100 km. From Islamabad and winds through Abbottabad-Mansehra-Thakot-Besham-Pattan-Sazin-Ghils-Gilgit-Hunza to the Chinese Frontier across the 4,733 metres high Khunjerab Pass. The road built by the Pakistan Army engineers in association with the Chinese experts and technicians has been described as a marvel of civil engineering and even as "The Eighth Wonder of the World". Completed in 15 years, it has been forced through some of the world's toughest terrain. The road not only opens up the Northern Areas to trade and travel but also provides easy access to hitherto closed regions, connected by jeep or goat tracks.

Pakistani Section:
At 805 kilometres (501 mi) in length, the Pakistani section of the highway starts in Abbottabad, although the N-35 of which KKH is now part, officially starts from Hassanabdal. The highway meets the Indus River at Thakot and continues along the river until Jaglot, where the Gilgit River joins the Indus River. This is where three great mountain ranges meet: the Hindukush, the Himalaya, and the Karakoram. The western end of the Himalayas, marked by the ninth highest peak in the world, Nanga Parbat, can be seen from the highway. The highway passes through the capital of Gilgit–Baltistan, Gilgit, and continues through the valleys of Nagar and Hunza, along the Hunza River. Some of the highest mountains and famous glaciers in the Karakoram can be seen in this section. The highway meets the Pakistani-Chinese border at Khunjerab Pass.

Chinese Section:
The Chinese section of the Karakoram Highway follows the north-south Sarykol ('Yellow Lake') valley just west of the Tarim Basin. The road from Kashgar goes southwest about 80 kilometres (50 mi) and then turns west to enter the Gez (Ghez) River canyon between Chakragil mountain on the north and Kongur mountain on the south. From the Gez canyon the population becomes Kirgiz. Having climbed up to the valley, the road turns south past Kongur, Karakul Lake, and Muztagh Ata on the east. Below Muztagh Ata, a new road goes west over the Kulma Pass to join the Pamir Highway in Gorno-Badakhshan, Tajikistan. The main road continues over a low pass (where the population becomes Tajik) and descends to Tashkurgan. Further south, a valley and jeep track leads west toward the Wakhjir Pass to the Wakhan Corridor. Next the road turns west to a check post and small settlement at Pirali, and then the Khunjerab Pass, beyond which is Pakistan, the Khunjerab River and Hunza.

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Abbottabad

Abbottabad:
It is a charming town spread out over several low, refreshingly cool and green hills. Its a main gateway to all northern areas of Pakistan. Abbottabad is 116 km (2 hours) from Rawalpindi and 208 km (3 hours) from Peshawar..

Abbottabad, is 1,222 m. above sea level, is a neat and clean town in a spacious valley surrounded by green hills. It is a popular summer resort. It serves as a base for trips to Kaghan valley and the Gallies. PTDC maintains a Tourist Information Centre here to facilitate the visitors.
Attractions:
Places worth visiting in and around Abbottabad are; Ilyasi Mosque with a water spring, Shimla hill view point. Thandiani is another attractive hill resort 30 km east of Abbottabad at an altitude of 8,800 feet. For more information, please contact PTDC’s Tourist Information Centre located at Club Anexe, Jinnah Road, Abbottabad (Tel: 0092 5921-34399)

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Besham on KKH

Besham:
Besham (also known as Besham Qala) is the largest town and commercial centre of the Shangla District in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. Most of the population is pashto speaking pashtun [locally Pukhtun].

Besham's shops remained open 24 hours a day due to its geographic position, as it is on the famous Silk route which connects Pakistan with China. Besham shops are famous for their china and international goods. In summer this small town is the centre of international and national holiday makers who use this route to visit the Northern areas of Pakistan.

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Kohistan

Kohistan:
Kohistan also called Abasin Kohistan or Indus Kohistan, is an administrative district within Pakistan's Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province covering an area of 7,492 square kilometres (2,893 sq mi); it had a population of 472,570 at the 1998 Census. Geographically, Kohistan stretches from the border with Kashmir and Gilgit Baltistan in the east and north to Swat and Shangla in the west, and Mansehra and Battagram District in the south.

Kohistan has a rich local history as a crossroads between Central, South and Southwestern Asia. Predominantly inhabited by Dardic tribes since ancient times, Kohistan has been invaded and contested by Pashtuns, Persians, Greeks, Scythians, Kushans, Turks, Mughals and British.

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Dassu

Dassu:
Dassu Tehsil is the district headquarters of Kohistan District, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. It had 15 Union Councils before the separation of the Kandia valley. Since its being named as Tehsil, the Dassu subdivision has 11 Union Councils. The total population of Dassu according to 1998 Census was 137,519, in 21,487 households.


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Jaglot

Jaglot:
Juglot or Jaglot is a town in Gilgit District, Pakistan, situated 45 km south east of Gilgit on the Karakoram Highway. It is located at the junction of three mountain ranges, the Kurrakuram, Hindukush, and Himalayas. It is also a junction point between Skardu and Gilgit. The road to Skardu branches off about six kilometres towards Gilgit.

Historically, Juglot was strategically important as it lay along the route linking British India to China via Kashmir . Bunji, the historical garrison of the army of the Maharaja of Kashmir, is situated across the River Indus. The struggle for Kashmir's independence from the Sikh Manharaja of Kashmir also originated in Juglot.


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Nagar Valley

Nagar Valley:
The Nagar Valley is a valley near Gilgit Valley in the Gilgit Baltistan of Pakistan. The valley is part of Hunza Nagar District and is administratively subdivided into two tehsils namely Nagar-1 and Nagar-2. The valley is situated at an elevation of 2,438m (7,999 feet). Nagar Khas is the main town and was the capital of the former state of Nagar. Gulmet is a popular tourist attraction in Nagar because of the scenery of the surrounding mountains like Rakaposhi at 7,788m (25,561), and Diran and more than 30 other peaks. The climate of Nagar remains pleasant from mid-April to the end of September. The maximum temperature in summer during the day is 13C. The weather becomes very cold during the winter, mainly from October to end of March. The minimum temperature can be -14C.

Nagar was formerly a princely state which had existed for 1200 years. The people of Nagar were ruled by a local Tham/Mir for more than 1200 years, until the states were dissolved in 1974 by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. The region was given democratic representation to the Northern Areas Council, now called the Legislative Assembly Gilgit,Baltistan on 2008.


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Attabad Lake

Attabad Lake:
Attabad Lake, Gojal, also known as Gojal Lake, is a lake in the Gojal Valley of northern Pakistan created in January 2010 by a landslide dam.

The lake was formed due to a massive landslide at Attabad village in Gilgit-Baltistan, 9 miles (14 km) upstream (east) of Karimabad that occurred on January 4, 2010. The landslide killed twenty people and blocked the flow of the Hunza River for five months. The lake flooding has displaced 6,000 people from upstream villages, stranded (from land transportation routes) a further 25,000, and inundated over 12 miles (19 km) of the Karakoram Highway.

The lake reached 13 miles (21 km) long and over 100 metres (330 ft) in depth by the first week of June 2010 when it began flowing over the landslide dam, completely submerging lower Shishkat and partly flooding Gulmit. The subdivision of Gojal has the greatest number of flooded buildings, over 170 houses, and 120 shops. The residents also had shortages of food and other items due to the blockage of the Karakoram Highway. By June 4 water outflow from the lake had increased to 3,700 cu ft/s (100 m3/s).


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Gulmit

Gulmit:
Gulmit is the headquarter of the Gojal Tehsil, in the upper Hunza region of the Gilgit territory in the Gilgit Baltistan region of Pakistan. Gulmit is a centuries-old historic town, with mountains, peaks and glaciers. It is a tourist spot and has many hotels, shops and a museum. Its altitude is 2408m (7900 ft) above the Arabian Sea level.Small hamlets consit of; Kamaris,Odver,Dalgiram,Laksh,Kalha,Shawaran,Khor Lakhsh,Chamangul and Goze.

Gulmit, is also a Turkish or Iranian word which means the valley of flowers.


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Passu

Passu:
Passu is a small village on the Karakoram Highway, beside the Hunza River, some 15 kilometers from Gulmit, the Tehsil headquarters of Gojal in the Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan, and about 150 km upriver from Gilgit. It lies very near the tongue of the Passu Glacier, and just south of the tongue of the Batura Glacier. The latter is the fifth longest non-polar glacier in the world at 56 km, and reaches very near to the highway. The people are Wakhi and speak the Wakhi Language. Religiously they are Ismaili, a sect of Shia Islam.

Tupopdan, 6,106 metres (20,033 ft), also known as "Passu Cones" or "Passu Cathedral", lies to the north of the village; it is the most photographed peak of the region.[citation needed] Also nearby are the high peaks of Pasu Sar, Shispare Sar, and Batura.


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Sust

Sust or Sost:
Sust or Sost is a village in Gojal region of the Northern Areas of Pakistan. It is the last town inside Pakistan on the Karakoram Highway before the Chinese border. The town is an important place on the highway for all passenger and cargo transport because all traffic crossing the Pakistan-China border passes through this town; the Pakistani immigration and customs departments are based here. Pakistan and China have opened border for trade and tourism at Khunjerab.

The Silk Route Dry Port started its business operations at the port Sost (Upper Hunza) near Khunjarab pass Gilgit-Baltistan. Annual trade between China and Pakistan has increased from less than $2 billion in 2002 to $6.9 billion, with a goal of $15 billion by 2014. Sost dry port is the first formal port at the China-Pakistan border, facilitating customs clearance and other formalities for goods moving from the Chinese regions of Kasghar and Sinkyang to the commercial centers of Pakistan. The town is connected by the Karakoram Highway to Karimabad, Gilgit and Chilas on the south and the Chinese cities of Tashkurgan, Upal and Kashgar in the north.


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Khunjerab Pass

Khunjerab Pass:
Khunjerab Pass (elevation 4,693 metres or 15,397 feet) is a high mountain pass in the Karakoram Mountains in a strategic position on the northern border of Pakistan's Gilgit–Baltistan Hunza - Nagar District on the southwest border of the Xinjiang region of China. Its name is derived from Wakhi 'Khun' means Home and 'Jerav' means spring water/water falling.

The Khunjerab Pass is the highest paved international border crossing in the world and the highest point on the Karakoram Highway. The roadway across the pass was completed in 1982, and has superseded the unpaved Mintaka and Kilik Passes as the primary passage across the Karakoram Range.

On the Pakistani side, the pass is 42 km (26 mi) from the National Park station and checkpoint in Dih, 75 km (47 mi) from the customs and immigration post in Sost, 270 km (170 mi) from Gilgit, and 870 km (540 mi) from Islamabad.

On the Chinese side, the pass is the southwest terminus of China National Highway 314 (G314) and is 130 km (81 mi) from Tashkurgan, 420 km (260 mi) from Kashgar and some 1,890 km (1,170 mi) from Urumqi. The Chinese port of entry is located 3.5 km (2.2 mi) along the road from the pass in Tashkurgan County.


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Pictorial View of Famous Karakoram Highway of Pakistan
Photo Slide Show (Famous Karakoram Highway of Pakistan)
 
 
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Tourist Destinations

Karachi Elev. 22 m
Multan Elev. 122 m
Lahore Elev. 217 m
Islamabad Elev. 508 m
Murree Hills Elev. 2126 m
Kaghan Valley Elev. 2134 m
Swat Valley Elev. 975 m
Hunza Valley Elev. 2500 m
Kalash Valley Elev. 1670 m
Skardu Valley Elev. 2500 m
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