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FAMOUS FORTS IN PAKISTAN
| The Best Tourist Attractions of Pakistan |
| Photo Galleries of Beautiful Pakistan |
| Weather Forecasts of Pakistan |
| Lahore Fort | Rohtas Fort | Derawar Fort | Other Cholistan Forts | Multan Fort |
| Ranikot Fort | Rawat Fort | Attock Fort |
| Welcome to Pakistan | Hotels In Pakistan | City Distances In Pakistan |
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Lahore Fort

Lahore Royal Fort:
The Lahore Fort, locally referred to as Shahi Qila is citadel of the city of Lahore. The Lahore Fort is one of the greatest fort built by the Mughals in South Asia. The Fort was originally built by Malik Ayaz, later it was altered by the famous architect who created the Taj Mahal, and finally it was rebuilt by the Great Akbar, lending itself to its own distinct character, history, and flavour.
The massive doors, and great walls of Lahore Fort, include the Diwan-e-Azam, a grand throne room with a marble pavilion, and a majestic court designed for public audiences. In addition Sheesh Mahal, the Naulakha, and Moti Masjid also located within the fort speak eloquently of days gone by, a time when architecture and design was created with unparalleled detail for the pleasure of great emperors, royalty, princes, and princesses. Intricate patterns of inlaid precious stones, carvings, mosaic tiles, and murals are displayed against backgrounds of rough tiles designed with such quality, that today, they are as beautiful as the day they were created and placed.

Getting There
Lahore Fort is located in the city of Lahore. It is located in the northwestern corner of the Walled City near Badshahi Mosque. The location is accessible by road within the city.

LAHORE ROYAL FORT re-designated as a World Heritage Site By UNESCO in 1981.


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Rohtas Fort

Rohtas Fort:
Rohtas Fort is 109 km from Rawalpindi/Islamabad. You have to travel on G.T. Road towards Lahore for 100 km to Dina. The road to Rohtas forks off G.T. Road one kilometer past Dina. The Fort is 8 km away to the right from this turn. It is one of the most impressive historical monuments in Pakistan. It was built on the orders of Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri (1539-45 AD) to serve as a huge fortified base for military operations against Gakkhars. The fort is the symbol of strength and determination of its builder Sher Shah Suri who ruled over South Asia only for six years, 1540-45 A.D., but even during that short period he created many splendours including Rohtas fort and the Great Grand Trunk Road, connecting Kabul with Calcutta. The Fort was later used by Mughal emperor Akbar and the Sikhs.

Olaf Caroe described his initial impression of this fort in the following words; "There it stands, sprawling across a low rocky hill a few miles north of Jhelum. Its great ramparts growing from the cliff like the wall of China, looking north a sandy streambed to the low hills of the salt range and beyond them, to the snows of Pir Panjal. The circumference is large enough easily to hold a couple of Divisions of troops. As you approach the fort, the crenellations look like ominous rows of helmeted warriors watching you with disapproval. It is an awe-inspiring sight".

The plan of the fort is adapted to suit the terrain and it is defended by a number of deep ravines as well as the river Ghaan, which breaks through the low eastern spur of the Tilla range. Within its huge terraced rampart walls (4 km in circumference) with 68 robust bastions and twelve gates, is located another fortress, palaces and ancillary building. Besides providing strength to the wall, these bastions give a touch of elegance and grandeur to the fort. The wall, usually composed of two or three terraces, varies in thickness at different points, the maximum being 36 feet near the Mon Gate. The terraces are interlinked with each other by way of stair-line and the top most terrace is the line of the merion shaped. The height of the fortification wall ranges from 30 to 40 feet and a considerable number of galleries have been provided in the thickness of the wall for the soldiers and for use as storage space. The wall is built in sand stone coarse rubble masonry laid in lime mortar mixed with granular brick grit.

Although built for purely military purposes, yet a few of its twelve gates were exceptionally fine examples of the architecture of that period. The Sohal Gate, guarding the south west wall, is in fair condition even today and it is being used as a rest house. This gate is an example illustrating that how a feature built for strength could also be made architecturally graceful. As it is more than eighty feet in height so it provides a grand entrance to the magnificent fort complex. Every part of its structure has been carried out in broad and simple manner, each line and plane has a sober and massive elegance, while the whole is aesthetically competent. Within the fort a small town has developed and several thousand people live here.

Rohtas Fort is one of the most imposing historical monuments which represents the Pathan period of architecture style in Pakistan. The Rohtas fort lies sprawling upon a low rocky hill to the north of Jhelum in a bend of the river Ghan (mostly spelled as Kahan). The gigantic fort is founded on steep rocks jutting into the river Kahan, its ramparts protected on the west and north sides by the river and by high hills on its east and south. It was never taken by assault and survives intact to the present day. The main fortifications consist of the massive walls, which extended for more than 4km; they are lined with bastions and pierced by monumental gateways.

Getting There
Rohtas Fort is located in Jhelum District of Punjab near the small town of Deena.The main access to the fort is from G.T road from Islamabad or Lahore. The fort is approachable from the main highway if one turns right at Deena, which is a railway station as well as one of the busiest bus stops also about 100 km. from Islamabad. It is, however, difficult to reach Rohtas Fort during the rainy season as there is no bridge on the river Ghaan.

Attractions
There are number of places inside the fort that can be visited and enjoyed. Specifically these include:

Sher Shah Suri Museum at Sohail Gate
Visitor Information Center at Sohail Gate
Bari Bowli (134 step down stone cut well)
Haveli Man Singh
Rani Mahal
Phansi Ghat
Shahi Mosque
Shishi Langar Khani Gate
Shahi Bowli
Talaqi Gate
You can sit in the Suri Park for rest or have a meal there.

Eat Outs
Al-Kausar Hotel and Iqbal Hotel
Near town of Deena when driving towards Islamabad
Al-Bilal Hotel
Near town of Deena when driving towards Lahore

ROHTAS FORT re-designated as a World Heritage Site By UNESCO in 1997.


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Derawar Fort

Derawar Fort:
On the edge of the desert, 104 km from Bahawalpur stands the majestic Derawar Fort. It is the largest and the most superlatively preserved fort of Cholistan. The powerful fort towers over the surrounding semi desert and is visible from miles around. It is a square fort measuring 672 feet in length on each side, with a gate on its southern side approached by means of a winding ramp. Most of the bastions show geometric designs made by burnt bricks. A number of buildings in the fort provided quarters for Nawab’s army. The retiring quarters of the royal family still stand deserted inside the fort.

Four shrines of pious Muslims are located near Derawar Fort. The Derawar Mosque, having 3 domes and 4 minarets, is an exact replica of Moti Masjid at Red Fort Delhi, and was built in 1844 A.D. Read More

Getting There
Derawar Fort is located in the cholistan desert about 104 Km from Bahwalpur. Derawar can be termed as the Gateway of Cholistan. Trips to other forts can be arranged from here in the form of Camel Safaris or jeep Safaries.


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Other Cholistan Forts

Islamgarh Fort:
Islamgarh Fort is located deep in Cholistan near the Indian border at a distance of 150 km from Derawar Fort. The fort itself is an impressive square building of brick work with high sloping roofs strengthened by bastions. The fort was built by Rawal Bhim Singh in 1608 A.D. The fort has been in a state of neglect and disrepair for over a century.The fortification walls are l0 to 12 feet thick.

Mirgarh Fort:
Mirgarh Fort was founded by Noor Muhammad Khan, in l799 AD, was completed in 3 years. A Persian inscription seen at the gates of the fort in 1872 recorded that he was a disciple of the Gillani Makhdooms of Uch. The fort is built of burnt- bricks, is square, measuring 92 feet on each side, and possess 7 bastions, standing 39 feet in height. The distance between MirGarh Fort and Fort Abbas city is 21 km.

Jamgarh Fort:
This beautiful burnt-brick fort stands in the desert with much of its original appearance, 9 km away from MirGarh Fort. It was built in 1788 A.D., by Jam Khan Maroofani. It’s square in plan, measuring 114 feet on each side. Its walls survive to a height of 28 feet and are strengthened by circular bastions at the corners. An arched entrance, nearly 9 feet wide, was provided through the eastern wall.

Mojgarh Fort:
The Moj Garh fort was founded by Muhammad Maroof Khan Kehrani, in 1743 A.D. This square fort decorated with glazed tiles and surmounted by a single dome stands about 400 yards south of the fort. The fort is at a distance of 32 km from Marot Fort
At present the fort is in ruins. The outer burnt-brick facing and the interior facing of the fortification wall has collapsed at several places exposing the mud brick core. The fort is almost square in plan measuring 325, 312, and 238 feet on the southern, western and northern sides respectively. The walls are strengthened with a series of semi circular bastions.

Khangarh Fort:
This fort was built by Nawab Muhammad Bahawal Khan 11 in 1783 A.D. It is square in plan with semi-circular bastions at each corner and an entrance on the east side. The fort measures 128 feet on each side. The walls and bastions, which are built of mud-bricks with a burnt-brick facing, have fallen down leaving only piles of burnt bricks and signs of old walls, telling the tale of the lost grandeur. It is 70 km away from Derawar Fort.

Khairgarh Fort:
Built in 1775 A.D. with mud and burnt bricks, it is square in plan, measuring 170 feet on the inner side between octagonal bastions, and is at a distance of 70 km from Derawar Fort.
The mud- brick fortification walls are 8 feet thick on top and stand 24 feet high, including a 5 feet high parapet above. On the inner side, the bastions have a circular vaulted chamber, 19 feet in diameter, which provides access to the top.

Nawankot Fort:
Nawan Kot Fort still retains some of its original features and is located 45 km away from Derawar Fort. Built of mud-bricks with 4 corner towers, it measures 156 feet externally between the bastions. The doorway on the north side is 10 feet wide and is flanked by guard rooms built with burnt bricks.

Bijnot Fort:
Bijnot (Winjhrot) is structurally an impressive fort. It was originally built by Raja Winjha or Bija Bhatia in 757 A.D. At present the fort is in ruins but still depicts most of its original features. It is at a distance of 45 km from Nawan Kot Fort and is built of blocks of limestone set in locally available lime mortar. The outer fortification is almost square with an overall length of 300 feet on each side. On the northern side, there is an eleven feet wide entrance, above which three rooms are built. The walls survive to the height of 21 feet, excluding the about 7 feet of the parapet wall on it.

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Multan Fort

Multan Fort:
Multan Fort was built on a mound separating it form the city by the old bed of river Ravi. There is no Fort now as it was destroyed by the British Garrison which was stationed ,there for a long time, but the entire site is known as the Fort .The walls of the fort were built by Murad Baksh, the son of the Shah Jahan, when he was the viceroy of Multan in the early 17th, century. The Fort site now looks as a part of the city, because instead of the river it is now separated by a road which looks more like a bazaar and remains crowded throughout the day.

The Fort stands on the highest part of the mound on which the town is built, It is an ancient structure formed by a hexagonal wall from forty to seventy feet high, the longest side of which faces the north-west and extends for 600 yards, and which isolates it from the town. Within the fort, and on a very considerable elevation, stands the citadel, in itself of very great strength. The walls are flanked by thirty towers, and enclose numerous houses, mosques, a Hindu temple of high antiquity, and a khan’ s palace the beauty of which was severely damaged by the bettering it got from the guns of Ranjeet Sing in 1818.

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Ranikot Fort

Ranikot Fort:
Evidently, the largest fort in the world, Rani Kot is an enigma because of unavailability of its record in history and its conceivable purpose in the wilderness of the forts’ massive 10 meter high walls of dressed sandstone are 29 km around. Seen from a distance, portions of its ramparts resemble the Great Wall of China, as they dip and turn to the contours of the hills.
The terrain inside the Fort is partly cultivated and green with vegetation, being watered by nearby Rani River that runs through the fort and a perennial spring within it. Water from both sources has formed pools, teeming with fish. Close to the Fort, fossils of a petrified forest can be found. The fort lies roughly 90 km north of Hyderabad. The route is through Kotri and the town of Sann, from where the remaining 21 km distance is a sandy track across rugged scrubland, best covered by jeep or on camelback, Camels can be hired from Sann.

Ranikot Fort-Dadu has been included in World Heritage Tentative Site List By UNESCO Since 1993.

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Rawat Fort

Rawat Fort:
Rawat Fort is located 17 km east of Rawalpindi, on the Grand Trunk (G.T) Road leading to Lahore. The fort was built by Gakkhars, a fiercely independent tribe of the Potohar Plateau, in early 16th century. The grave of a Gakkhar Chief, Sultan Sarang Khan is located inside the fort. He died in 1546 AD fighting against the forces of Sher Shah Suri. Rawat is a corruption of the Arabic word “Rabat” meaning Serai.

The Fort is oblong in plan, measuring 306 feet 9 inches east-west and 348 feet 9 inches north-south with semi circular bastions on the four corners and also on either side of the two gates located on east and north. On the western side of the fort, is located a mosque. The main gate is on the east. Flanking the gates and the mosque along the fortification are small cells each measuring 6 feet 9 inches. Originally, there were as many as 76 cells. In the northwest corner is located a massive tomb. The enclosure wall is crowned with merlons created it the form of pointed arch. The entire construction is in course rubble of sandstones with a sprinkling of brunt bricks. The surface of the mosque, tomb and the gateways was originally treated with lime-surkhi plaster in glaze, only traces of which exist now. The bricks have been used in arches, domes and stringcourses, which also serve as ornamental element.

Gakkhars, a fiercely independent tribe of the Potohar Plateau built the Rawat fort, in early 16th century. The grave of a Gakkhar Chief, Sultan Sarang Khan is located inside the fort. He died in 1546 AD fighting against the forces of Sher Shah Suri. If one dares to climb the broken steps inside the tomb, one may get a panoramic view of the plateau and the Mankiala Stupa.

Getting There
Rawat Fort can be reached from the G.T Road. It is located 17 km east of Rawalpindi, on the Grand Trunk (G.T) Road leading to Lahore.

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Attock Fort

Attok Fort:
It is situated about 101 km west of Islamabad on the left bank of Indus River. The fort was completed in 1583 under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi, a minister of Emperor Akbar. The Mughal caravan sarai outside the fort, which is almost on the G.T. Road, was also built during this period. Please note that no visitors are allowed inside the Fort.

Getting There
Attock Fort can be reached from the G.T Road. It is located 101 km west of Islamabad, on the Grand Trunk (G.T) Road leading to Peshawar.

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Tourist Destinations

Karachi Elev. 22 m
Multan Elev. 122 m
Lahore Elev. 217 m
Islamabad Elev. 508 m
Murree Hills Elev. 2126 m
Kaghan Valley Elev. 2134 m
Swat Valley Elev. 975 m
Hunza Valley Elev. 2500 m
Kalash Valley Elev. 1670 m
Skardu Valley Elev. 2500 m
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