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URDU LANGUAGE & GLOSSARY
| The Best Tourist Attractions of Pakistan |
| Photo Galleries of Beautiful Pakistan |
| Weather Forecasts of Pakistan |
| Language | Respect | Urdu Glossary |
| Welcome to Pakistan | Hotels In Pakistan | City Distances In Pakistan |
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Language

Language:
Pakistan's official language is English and many people in big cities can speak it. Urdu is the national language and is spoken throughout Pakistan as lingua franca. In addition to Urdu most Pakistanis speak their regional languages or dialects such as Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashto, Balochi, Saraiki, Shina, Burushaski, Khowar, Wakhi, Hindko etc.
English is the official language and is used in all government, educational and business entities, and is also understood and spoken at varying levels of competence by many people around Pakistan, especially by the upper classes and people who have gone through higher levels of education.

Here are some basic Urdu phrases. If you can speak those, it will delight everyone you meet:

  • 'Assalaam Alaykum' - Hello (literally meaning 'may peace be on you')
  • 'Khuda Hafiz' or 'Allah Hafiz' - Goodbye (literally meaning 'may God take care of you')
  • 'Shukria' - Thank you
  • 'Maaf karo' - literally 'forgive me'; useful when dealing with beggars
  • 'Mera naam John Doe hai'- My name is John Doe
  • 'Mein Lithuania say hoon' - I am from Lithuania
  • 'Mujhay Lahore bohat pasand hai' - I really like Lahore
  • 'Aap ka naam kya hai' - what is your name?
  • 'Aap kahaan rehtey hain' - where do you live?
  • 'Khana bohot mazaydaar hai' - the meal is delicious
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Respect

Respect:
Pakistanis pride themselves on their tradition of hospitality to guests (mehmanawazi in Urdu, milmastia in Pashtu). Just a greeting of Salam Alaykum will get you far in endearing yourself to people. If you are travelling outside the big cities like Karachi, Lahore and Islamabad it is advisable to learn some basic Urdu or a regional language.

Do not make silly jokes about religion, women, sex, or alcohol. You will cause offence and it is something you're really ill advised to do.
Just respect and observe. Pakistan is a conservative country and it is advisable for women to wear long skirts or pants in public (Pakistani women wear the traditional shalwar kameez). Dress codes for men are more lax although they should refrain from wearing shorts in public. As well, showing someone the sole of your feet or shoe is considered an insult, and can lead to you being considered disrespectful.

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Urdu Glossary

Urdu Glossary:
Urdu is a conglomerate of Persian, Arabic and various local languages. The spoken language is similar to Hindi, but it is written in the Persian-Arabic script.

English Numbering  Urdu Pronunciation English Numbering  Urdu Pronunciation
1 ek 12 bara
1.5 derh 13 tera
2 dou 14 chauda
2.5 dhaie 15 pandra
3 teen 20 bees
4 chaar 25 pachees
5 paanch 30 tees
6 chhe 40 chalees
7 saat 50 pachaas
8 aath 100 ek sou
  nou 1000 ek hazaar
10 dus 100,000 ek laa
11 giyara 10 million ek crore
(Beware of similar-sounding 25 -pachees and 50 -pachaas).
English Urdu Pronunciation
Greeting (Peace be with you) Salaam alay kum
Reply to Greeting (With you also be peace) Waalay kum as salaam
How are you? Aapka (or Tumhara) kya hal heyh?
I am well. Theekh heyh or Theek thak
What is your name? Aapka (or Tumhara) naam kya heyh?
Do you speak English? Kya aap angrezi boltay heyn?
I am English/American/French Meyn angrez/amrikan/fransisi hun.
Which way to Lahore? Lahore kis taraf heyh?
How much is this/that? Yeyh/Voh kitne ky heyh?
Thank you Shukria
Good Bye Khudha Haafiz
Yes Ji haan, haanji or haan
No Naheen (na’en)
Okay/Good Achhaa
When? Kub?
Three O’clock Teen bajay
Morning Subha
Evening Shaam
Go/going Jao/Jaana
Near Nazdeek
Far Dour
Food Khana or Khuraak
To eat food Khana khana
Meat Gosht
Beef Gaye ka gosht
Goat meat or Mutton Bakri ka gosht
Chicken Murghi
Fish Machii/machhlii
Egg Anda
Vegetable Subzi
Potato Aalu
Spinach Palak
Lentils Daal
Rice Chaavel
Bread Roti, naan, chapati
Baked bread Double roti
Yoghurt Dahi
Water Pani
Tea Chai
Salt Namak
Sugar Cheeni
Home/house Ghar/Makaan
Bed Bed, Palang, Charpai
Blanket Kumbal
Pillow Takya
Sheet Chaader
Fan Pankha
Candle Mombutti
Hot Garam
Cold Thanda (m)/thandi (f)
Small Chhota (m)/chhoti (f)
Big Barha (m)/bari (f)
Clean Saaf
Expensive Mehenga
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Tourist Destinations

Karachi Elev. 22 m
Multan Elev. 122 m
Lahore Elev. 217 m
Islamabad Elev. 508 m
Murree Hills Elev. 2126 m
Kaghan Valley Elev. 2134 m
Swat Valley Elev. 975 m
Hunza Valley Elev. 2500 m
Kalash Valley Elev. 1670 m
Skardu Valley Elev. 2500 m
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